Black smoke in your car?

oung men, who do not yet have enough other expenses that can not afford to have a motorcycle. Although for many motorcycles is a passion for life, many a rider is forced in the future to replace your equipment, for example, disput

Dodane: 27-08-2016 10:24
Black smoke in your car? Isuzu smoking exhaust

Who is interested in motorcycles?

Among those interested in the automotive industry is no shortage of people for whom motorbikes are the main area of interest. These are mainly young men, who do not yet have enough other expenses that can not afford to have a motorcycle. Although for many motorcycles is a passion for life, many a rider is forced in the future to replace your equipment, for example, disputes family car. However, the biggest enthusiasts of this equipment remain true to the end of his beloved motorcycle, so participants rallies for motorcyclists we can see a variety of people, not only of all ages, but also of different sexes. Women sometimes have the interest, though certainly more women have other, more feminine hobby.


Reciprocating

Classification

There are several possible ways to classify internal combustion engines.

Reciprocating:

By number of strokes

Two-stroke engine

Clerk Cycle 1879 6
Day Cycle

Four-stroke engine (Otto cycle)
Six-stroke engine

By type of ignition

Compression-ignition engine
Spark-ignition engine (commonly found as gasoline engines)

By mechanical/thermodynamical cycle (these 2 cycles do not encompass all reciprocating engines, and are infrequently used):

Atkinson cycle
Miller cycle

Rotary:

Wankel engine

Continuous combustion:

Gas turbine
Jet engine

Rocket engine
Ramjet

The following jet engine types are also gas turbines types:

Turbojet
Turbofan
Turboprop



Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_combustion_engine


Electric motor - history

Perhaps the first electric motors were simple electrostatic devices created by the Scottish monk Andrew Gordon in the 1740s.2 The theoretical principle behind production of mechanical force by the interactions of an electric current and a magnetic field, Amp?re's force law, was discovered later by André-Marie Amp?re in 1820. The conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy by electromagnetic means was demonstrated by the British scientist Michael Faraday in 1821. A free-hanging wire was dipped into a pool of mercury, on which a permanent magnet (PM) was placed. When a current was passed through the wire, the wire rotated around the magnet, showing that the current gave rise to a close circular magnetic field around the wire.3 This motor is often demonstrated in physics experiments, brine substituting for toxic mercury. Though Barlow's wheel was an early refinement to this Faraday demonstration, these and similar homopolar motors were to remain unsuited to practical application until late in the century.


Jedlik's "electromagnetic self-rotor", 1827 (Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest). The historic motor still works perfectly today.4
In 1827, Hungarian physicist Ányos Jedlik started experimenting with electromagnetic coils. After Jedlik solved the technical problems of the continuous rotation with the invention of the commutator, he called his early devices "electromagnetic self-rotors". Although they were used only for instructional purposes, in 1828 Jedlik demonstrated the first device to contain the three main components of practical DC motors: the stator, rotor and commutator. The device employed no permanent magnets, as the magnetic fields of both the stationary and revolving components were produced solely by the currents flowing through their windings

Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_motor